Conference Dates

June 12 – 17, 2022


Microarray patches (MAPs) offer the possibility of improved vaccine thermostability and dose-sparing potential as well as the potential to be safer, more acceptable, easier to use and more cost-effective for the administration of vaccines than injection by needle and syringe. Here, we report a phase I trial (ACTRN12618000112268/ U1111-1207-3550) using the Vaxxas high-density MAP (HD-MAP) to deliver a monovalent influenza vaccine to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of lower doses of influenza vaccine delivered by MAPs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study determining dose reduction potential using MAPs in humans. Monovalent, split inactivated influenza virus vaccine containing A/Singapore/GP1908/ 2015 [H1N1] haemagglutinin (HA) was delivered by MAP into the volar forearm or upper arm, or given intramuscularly (IM) once. Participants (20 per group) received HD-MAPs delivering doses of 15, 10, 5, 2.5 or 0 µg of HA or an IM injection of quadrivalent influenza vaccine (QIV). In two subgroups, skin biopsies were taken on days 1 (pre-vaccination) and 4 for analysis of the cellular composition from the HD-MAP application sites. All laboratory investigators were blind to treatment and participant allocation. The primary objectives of the study were safety and tolerability. Secondary objectives included immunogenicity and dose de-escalation assessments of the influenza vaccine delivered by HD-MAP. Both objectives were assessed for up to 60 days post-vaccination.

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