A tailor-made purification strategy for oncolytic measles viruses using membrane-based processes
June 17-22, 2018
Cancer patients can benefit from the Measles virus, since in the early 70s a relation between cancer remission and an infection with Measles was first mentioned (Bluming, Ziegler 1971). Further studies confirmed this oncolytic activity and therefore, the Measles virus became highly interesting for the application in cancer treatment.
However, for the widespread application as a therapeutic agent several bottlenecks have to be overcome in context of quantity and quality. For one therapeutic dose of oncolytic Measles viruses (OMV) at least 1011 infectious particles are needed (one vaccination contains ~103 TCID50) (Russell et al. 2014).
Besides that, the impurities, such as host cell proteins (HCP) and host cell DNA (hcDNA), must be reduced to appropriate limits set by regulatory authorities. The full recovery of OMV infectivity must also addressed. This underlines the need of a tailor-made downstream processing.
After we established a high titer production process, achieving OMV titers of 1011 TCID50 mL-1 (Grein et al. 2017), we are now focused on the downstream processing of OMV. For this purpose we characterized the OMV regarding process parameters used in DSP, such as stability towards ionic strength, osmolality, agglomeration and shear stress. Based on this, a clarification step was conducted, followed by the further purification with tangential flow filtration (TFF). By using polyether sulfone flat sheet membranes in concentration mode, we were able to recover the infectious virus and lowered the impurities by ~70% for hcDNA and ~80% for protein content. In the next purification step, we applied a discontinuous diafiltration and could deplete the impurities by ~95% in total. These results showed that TFF is an appropriate tool for the purification and formulation of OMV.
Bluming, Avrum Z.; Ziegler, John L. (1971): Regression of Burkitt's Lymphoma in association with Measles infection. In The Lancet 298 (7715), pp. 105–106. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(71)92086-1.
Grein, Tanja A.; Schwebel, Felix; Kress, Marco; Loewe, Daniel; Dieken, Hauke; Salzig, Denise et al. (2017): Screening different host cell lines for the dynamic production of measles virus. In Biotechnology progress. DOI: 10.1002/btpr.2432.
Russell, Stephen J.; Federspiel, Mark J.; Peng, Kah-Whye; Tong, Caili; Dingli, David; Morice, William G. et al. (2014): Remission of disseminated cancer after systemic oncolytic virotherapy. In Mayo Clinic proceedings 89 (7), pp. 926–933. DOI: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2014.04.003.
Daniel Loewe, Tanja A. Grein, Tobias Weidner, Denise Salzig, Peter Czermak, and Hauke Dieken, "A tailor-made purification strategy for oncolytic measles viruses using membrane-based processes" in "Vaccine Technology VII", Amine Kamen, McGill University Tarit Mukhopadhyay, University College London Nathalie Garcon, Bioaster Charles Lutsch, Sanofi Pasteur Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2018). https://dc.engconfintl.org/vt_vii/118