Addressing the challenges of influenza virus-like particles purification
June 17-22, 2018
Virus-like particles (VLPs) have been widely used in vaccine development over the last decades . In fact, there are already several approved human vaccines against viruses that use recombinant VLPs as antigen, e.g. for hepatitis B virus and human papillomavirus . Vaccination remains the most effective way to prevent infection with influenza viruses. However, their constant antigenic drift requires an annual update of the seasonal vaccine to prevent influenza epidemics [3-4]. To use the full potential of VLPs as vaccines efficient upstream processing as well as downstream processing (DSP) trains need to be established. The latter is of particular importance as it often accounts for the major biomanufacturing costs. Here we describe the establishment of an improved DSP unit train platform, adapted from virus particles to influenza VLPs, using pseudo-affinity sulfated cellulose membrane adsorbers (SCMA) . An initial clarification step prepares the bulk for the subsequent purification steps. SCMA performance was optimized using a design of experiments (DoE) approach. More than 80% of the product was recovered with removal of host cell protein and DNA above 89% and 80%, respectively. This represents a significant improvement in performance compared to the traditional use of ion exchangers commercially available. Using this SCMA platform for influenza virus particles purification we were able to speed up the process by decreasing the number of DSP steps, to improve the scale-up and to reduce costs due to the removal of other chromatographic steps.
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Cristina Peixoto, Sofia B. Carvalho, Manuel J.T. Carrondo, Paula M. Alves, A. Raquel Fortuna, Udo Reichl, and Michael Wolff, "Addressing the challenges of influenza virus-like particles purification" in "Vaccine Technology VII", Amine Kamen, McGill University Tarit Mukhopadhyay, University College London Nathalie Garcon, Bioaster Charles Lutsch, Sanofi Pasteur Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2018). https://dc.engconfintl.org/vt_vii/57